Melasma is thought to be caused by hormonal changes, as it may develop during pregnancy. Areas of hyperpigmentation may appear on any area of the body but are most common on the face and stomach.
In order to best diagnose and treat hyperpigmentation, a physical exam at our office is needed.
Some cases of melasma can be treated with prescription medications that usually contain hydroquinone, which lightens the skin. However, prolonged use of topical hydroquinone can cause darkening of the skin, so it is important to follow your dermatologist’s specific instructions regarding how to properly use this medication. Topical retinoids may also be used to lighten dark spots.
Taking certain precautions at home may also help to improve your melasma. This includes using sunscreen daily that is at least an SPF of 30-50 with broad spectrum coverage. Also, be sure to cover your skin if you are spending time outdoors during peak hours of the sun, between 10 am and 4 pm.
All our patients start with a thorough consultation. During your visit, we will discuss your objectives and concerns. Our team of professionals will complete an assessment and make recommendations that support your health and well-being.