- Hyperhidrosis: A condition that causes abnormally excessive sweating that is not always related to exercise or warm environments.
- Rhinophyma: A disorder of the skin that causes a large, red, bumpy, or bulbous nose.
- Actinic Keratosis: Rough, scaly patches of skin that is caused by sun exposure over time. It is the most common form of precancer that forms on the skin.
- Skin Cancers: Skin cancer is caused by the abnormal growth of skin cells. There are three main types: basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and melanoma.
There is an array of different treatment options for each of these conditions. Our team at Ottawa Derm Centre is highly skilled and educated in treatment options so you can be sure that you are in good hands!
There are a number of treatment options available for hyperhidrosis. These include:
- Prescription antiperspirants or creams: Antiperspirants containing aluminum chloride may be prescribed to help control excessive sweating. Creams that contain glycopyrrolate may also help with sweating of the face and head.
- Nerve-blocking medications: Certain medications that block the chemicals that cause certain nerves to communicate with each other can reduce sweating.
- Antidepressants: Some medications used to treat depression can also decrease sweating. They may also help to reduce anxiety, which can worsen hyperhidrosis.
- Botox injections: Botox injections temporarily block the nerves that cause sweating. The results can last from 6-12 months.
This condition can be treated with medications or surgery:
- Medications: Topical medications may help minimize inflammation, or oral capsules may prevent skin glands from producing oil.
- Surgery: Surgical treatments to improve this condition include laser resurfacing, cryosurgery, and dermabrasion.
Actinic keratosis treatments consist of medications and surgical methods, including:
- Medications: A medicated cream such as fluorouracil, imiquimod, or ingenol mebutate may be prescribed to help treat your lesion.
- Surgical Methods: Cryotherapy (freezing the lesion), curettage (scraping away the lesion), and ablative laser therapy are popular surgical options to eliminate actinic keratosis.
The treatment option that is right for your skin cancer will depend on the type of skin cancer, the size of the cancer, and the location. The following are popular treatment options:
- Cryotherapy: This involves freezing away lesions or skin cancers with liquid nitrogen. The dead tissue will fall off on its own.
- Excision: Your doctor will cut out the cancerous tissue as well as a surrounding margin of healthy skin. Any form of skin cancer can benefit from this treatment.
- Mohs Surgery: This technique involves removing the skin cancer layer by layer, and examining each layer under a microscope until all cancerous cells are removed.
- Curettage and electrodesiccation: After removing the majority of the growth, the layers of cancer cells will be scraped away using a tool called a curet. An electric needle will then destroy any remaining cancer cells.